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Art, society and politics in Germany 1905-1949 - 20 credits (HST618)

In 1905 in Dresden a group of architecture students formed the so-called Brücke [Bridge]. Their work, and that of other Expressionist artists, was the beginning of dramatic developments in German modernist art, from Dada to New Objectivity and the Bauhaus. These innovations were brutally curtailed by the Hitler régime and replaced by art of ideological, sexual and racial stereotypes. After 1945, cultural recovery took different forms in the Soviet zone and in the western zones of occupation: politically-directed traditional figurative realism in the first instance; abstraction in the second. This module explores all these developments in the context of turbulent political and social change in Germany, up to the point where two separate republics were founded in 1949.