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Mr Michael Fulton 

  • Overview
Position:PhD History / Welsh History

Academic History

MA History, Queen’s University, Canada (2007)
BA History, Queen’s University, Canada (2009)

PhD Research

Working Title: Artillery in and around the Latin East (1099-1291)

This study seeks to understand the form, function and employment of artillery used in the Levant during the period of the crusades. Most popular and academic discussions of artillery technology and its use tend to be based on scant contemporary evidence, using anecdotal scenarios plucked from vast geographic regions and time periods to construct imaginative frameworks of development. To avoid such issues, this project deals with a specific region and period, but for which there are numerous sources from diverse backgrounds and traditions. The eclectic body of Latin, Greek, Syrian and Armenian Christians, as well as Egyptian, Syrian and Anatolian Muslims, provide vivid yet revealingly consistent descriptions of contemporary artillery. A clear impression of these engines and their development becomes clear when the extensive textual and illustrative sources are melded with the available archaeological evidence. By then injecting some basic physics, a sense of both power and scale can be rendered. This is the first time that such a comprehensive effort has been made to discern the power of medieval artillery, sacrificing scope in favour of depth and a fusion of all available sources.

Start Date: January 2013

First Supervisor: Professor Denys Pringle
Second Supervisor: Dr Paul Nicholson


“Development of Prefabricated Artillery during the Crusades,” Journal of Medieval Military History (2015)

Additional Information

Notable Conference Papers:
Institutionalising Artillery: The Origins and Development of Prefabricated Artillery in and around the Frankish East. Presented at the Face of Battle in Medieval History and Literature, 8th Annual Symposium by the Sea held in honour of Prof. John France, hosted by the Centre for Medieval and Early Modern Research (MEMO), Swansea University (2014)