Skip to content
Skip to navigation menu
04 December 2008
The study, involving the Tenovus Centre for Cancer Research, the Velindre Cancer Centre and the Welsh School of Pharmacy, suggests that in patients who show reduced or absent expression of the protein E-cadherin, commonly used anti-oestrogen drugs such as tamoxifen may promote more harmful cancer cell behaviour.
The team, co-ordinated by Dr. Stephen Hiscox, investigated the selective oestrogen receptor modulator (SERM) tamoxifen on human breast cancer cells, comparing it to the direct effects of oestrogen withdrawal.
Dr. Hiscox said, "Anti-oestrogens, such as tamoxifen, have been the mainstay of therapy in patients with oestrogen receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer and have provided significant improvements in survival. Our experimental studies suggest that in a certain group of patients, it may be much less effective, however, as it appears to promote an aggressive cell behaviour".
The authors found that tamoxifen can promote an invasive phenotype in ER+ breast cancer cells under conditions of poor cell-cell contact, a previously unknown effect of this drug. According to Dr. Hiscox, "This could have major clinical implications for those patients with tumours where there is inherently poor intercellular adhesion. In such patients, oestrogen deprivation with aromatase inhibitors (AIs) may be a more appropriate treatment".
E-cadherin is an intercellular adhesion protein important for maintenance of cell-cell adhesion and tissue integrity. The presence of functional oestrogen receptors has been shown to be necessary for its expression.
Cardiff in top five for research excellence
Among the UK’s best
Welsh and modern languages research number one in UK for impact
Breaking into the golden triangle
World-leading sociological research recognised
This is an externally hosted beta service offered by Google.