Popular newspaper journalism archives (20th C.)
Victor Davis, 2.5 metres
Victor Davis was a distinguished entertainment journalist of the Daily Express and the Mail on Sunday. The archive records, on a substantial number of cassette tapes, Victor’s interviews with major film and television celebrities from Britain and America between 1967 and 1994. His spiral bound notebook catalogues an alphabetical listing of interviews with dates and places. Victor’s working life in journalism has been wide ranging, and held posts at the Daily Express, Streatham News, Daily Sketch, The People, and Mail on Sunday.
Sir Tom Hopkinson (1905-1990), 7 metres
Sir Tom Hopkinson was a key figure in the development of democratic journalism and popular media. His archive consists of a significant collection of twentieth-century photojournalism. Hopkinson, knighted in 1977 for services to journalism, was editor of Picture Post, the leading picture news weekly of its time, and editor of the African magazine Drum, when it secured the only photographs and eye-witness accounts of the Sharpeville massacre in 1960. Later, in Kenya, he set up the first training centre for African journalists.
Marcus Morris (1915-1989), 13 metres
The Reverend John Marcus Harston Morris OBE was an English Anglican priest who founded the Eagle comic in 1950 and was deputy chairman of the National Magazine Company. In the post war years, Morris became concerned at the effects of imported American comics on British children, and set out to produce a more wholesome, uplifting alternative. The Eagle was the result, and was published by Hulton Press. In 1951, Morris launched Girl, a girls’ counterpart to the Eagle, followed by Robin (1953), and Swift (1954) for younger children. From 1954 to 1959 he was managing editor of Hultons’ Housewife magazine, and he was also appointed a member of the Hulton Press management committee. He became managing director and editor-in-chief of the National Magazine Company in 1964. He was responsible for launching the British edition of Cosmopolitan, and increased the circulation of his magazines at a time when the market was declining. The archive contains papers relating to Morris’ involvement in his various publications, Hulton Press, and the National Magazine Company.
Trevor Philpott (1924-1998), 2.5 metres
From his beginnings in university journalism, Trevor Philpott went on to hold posts at the News Chronicle, Picture Post, and Sunday Times. He won several press awards and a UN medal for services to the cause of refugees (a by-product of his many international stories). He joined the BBC television Tonight programme in 1960, and was to become one of Britain’s most respected film reporters throughout the 1960s and 1970s, successfully making the transition from print journalism to film journalism. From Tonight, Philpott moved on to produce, write and present a series of eighty documentaries, commissioned by David Attenborough, under the title of The Philpott File (1968-1980). The archive contains scripts and recordings on DVD spanning the full extent of Philpott's career.
Joan Reeder (1921-1997), 5 metres
Elizabeth Joan Armstrong was apprenticed aged 17 to the Western Morning News in Plymouth in 1938. When war broke out, she wrote about the experience of the blitz in Plymouth. She did not have her own by-line, but her stories were often sold to London papers and syndicated under the by-lines of well-known journalists. She married in 1941, becoming Joan Reeder. After the war, she worked for the Daily Mirror, soon becoming the first Royal correspondent for a national newspaper. In 1952 she was one of the first journalists to hear of the death of King George VI, reported on the Coronation of Elizabeth II the following year, as well as the Royal Tour, and was among those who broke the news about the love affair between Princess Margaret and Group Captain Townsend. In the early 1950s, she left the Mirror to take up a features editorship with Odhams Magazines. She specialised in ghost-writing for celebrities including Gracie Fields, Vanessa Redgrave, Margot Fonteyn, Sophia Loren, Ginger Rogers, Julia Andrews and Roger Moore. Some became books, while others were serialised in ‘Woman’ magazine and in the Ladies Home Journal in the United States. Her archive contains published articles, drafts, notes for her books on various celebrities, ephemera and correspondence relating to her role as Royal Correspondent, tapes of interviews, and legacy equipment for playback. Three portable typewriters are also included.
Richard Stott (1943-2007), 2.5 metres
Richard Stott was five times an editor of national newspapers - a record unequalled in British journalism. Born in 1943, Stott excelled as a news reporter, features executive, columnist and leader writer. He twice edited the Daily Mirror, along with The People, The Sunday People, and Today. The archive contains a wealth of information in relation to the Daily Mirror, as well as personal letters, photographs, and unpublished work.
Keith Waterhouse (1929-2009), 4.5 metres
Keith Waterhouse was a British novelist (Billy Liar), columnist (Yorkshire Evening Post, Punch, Daily Mirror, Daily Mail) and screenwriter (That Was The Week That Was, BBC-3, The Frost Report, The Card, Budgie, Worzel Gummidge, Andy Capp, Whistle Down the Wind (1961) and Alfred Hitchcock’s Torn Curtain (1966). His papers include correspondence files from 1946-2009, cuttings of published articles, folders of drafts and unpublished articles, reviews, obituaries, interviews, financial records, photographs, awards, and papers from the Association for the Abolition of the Aberrant Apostrophe, an organisation founded to highlight what he perceived to be a decline in the standards of modern English.
Date range: 20th century
Significance: A broad range of papers from key 20th century journalists.
Size: 12 metres
Keywords: Journalism, reviews, interviews, biographies, interviews, photojournalism, reporting
Notes: See also the Hugh Cudlipp papers.