Richard Baxter collection (17th C.)
Richard Baxter (1615-1691) was an English Puritan divine, born in Shropshire. Active writer on the Parliamentary side during the English Civil Wars, he was jailed for a short time upon the Restoration of the Monarchy. From 1641 until removal in 1660, he was pastor of the church at Kidderminster, where he wrote his two best known works The Saints Everlasting Rest (1650) and Gildas Salvianus, the Reformed past (1656).
Baxter was an extremely popular and influential author in his day, and his works went through a large number of editions, almost all of which are held by the Library. In addition, his papers and correspondence are held on microfilm. These include papers held at Dr Williams’ Library. A lot of the material belongs to the latter half of Baxter’s life and includes: Baxter’s Paraphrase of the New Testament (1685); the defence at his trial and continuing papers; the ‘Catholic Communion’ controversy; papers relating to the Oxford oath; Baxter’s Aphorisms of Justification (1649); dialogues with George Lawson; conference with William Penn in 1675; and, enquires into the Book of Revelation. Correspondence is held between Baxter and some seventy of his fellow ejected ministers of 1660-62, and others such as John Drury, John Eliot, Joseph Glanvill, etc. The material therefore forms an almost comprehensive set of holdings of Baxter’s writings.
Date range: 17th-19th centuries.
Significance: Significant in the United Kingdom.
Strengths: 17th century religion.
Size: 500 books, plus microfilms.
Keywords: Richard Baxter (1615-1691), Puritanism, English Civil War, English Restoration, history, religion