Cardiff Studies in Archaeology - Specialist Report Number 18


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The primary focus of this years work was the continued excavation of mound 2 and 2A (Figure 1). Work on mounds 1 and 3 had reached a satisfactory conclusion in 1999 and it was felt that, though interesting results could still be achieved by work on these mounds, this could be left to future generations. This year's work was part of a two year programme designed to:

  • excavate a large eleventh century Norse hall
  • excavate one of the subsidiary mounds, 2A

The house on mound 2 had been discovered in the original trench in 1994 and had been subsequently explored in 1998 and 1999. These excavations had primarily been concerned with exposing the structure, as this was covered with over a metre of secondary occupation deposits. The east end of the building had still to be defined and, though the later deposits made it difficult to predict the size of the structure, the building was thought to be about 20 m long. Exploration of the floor deposits, in 1999, had been restricted to three small sample squares. These limited excavations suggested that the house had two principal periods of occupation separated by a relatively sterile sand deposit. The objectives of this years excavation was to identify the east end of the building and therefore to fully define the shape and size of the structure. It was also hoped to complete the excavation of the secondary floor level and to fully expose the primary floor.

The excavation of mound 2A was begun last year as a response to serious damage by ploughing. The excavation was restricted to the central part of the mound and had concentrated on the excavation of a very badly damaged structure, which represented the final activity on the site. The goal of this year excavation was to expand the area in order to explore the middens surrounding the house. It was hoped that we could expose a sequence of deposits that would give us some idea of the chronological span of these subsidiary mounds. It was also clear that earlier structures existed underneath the house excavated in 1999 and that these were associated with large quantities of slag which suggested the presence of some form of iron working. The long term goal was to complete the excavation of this sequence of buildings.

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