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Dr Paul Tench - BA, Dip.Ed., Dip.Ling.Sci, PhD (Wales)


Dr Paul Tench Position: Associate Researcher Email:
Telephone: +44(0)29 208 75413
Extension: 75413
Location: John Percival Building, Colum Drive, Cathays, Cardiff

Research Group

Centre for Language and Communication Research

Research Interests

Phonetics; Phonology; Intonation; Applied Linguistics; Systemic-Functional Linguistics.



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Books and articles

Please click here for a full list.



1990    Intonation Information; current version, April 2005

1999    Press Phonology


Alphabets for unwritten languages

Academic papers

(2007) A new orthography in Tera

(2008) Phonological competence in the design of a new orthography


(2005) Rare Welsh tongue-twister turns up in a remote corner of Nigeria. Western Mail 6 July 2005

Original Academic Essay

(2005) It is the year of Africa. Let's support them in education. Western Mail 7 July 2005

Original Academic Essay

(2011) Spelling by the Zambezi Western Mail 16 June 2011

Original Academic Essay

(2011) A new alphabet for just 20,000 Africans
Western Mail 15 September 2011

Original Academic Essay

(2012) Welsh 'll's in the heart of Africa Western Mail 3 May 2012

Original Academic Essay


Applied phonology

(2000) An applied interlanguage experiment into adult learners' phonological misperceptions

(2002) Why Chloe sounds so pretty

(2003) Non-native speakers' misperceptions of English vowels and consonants: evidence from Korean adults in UK

(2006) Korean misperceptions of British English consonants and vowels

(2006) Phonology in formulaic language

(2007) Towards a description of Tamil English Standard Pronunciation

(2007) Malagasy interlanguage data

(2008) Malagasy interlanguage phonology



(1996) The communicative value of the tone system of English (Proceedings of the 9th international symposium on Theoretical and Applied Linguistics. Thessaloniki, Greece.)

(2002) (with Helen Beer) Panda eats shoots and leaves

(2003) Processes of semogenesis in English intonation

(2004) Hallidayan influence on intonation

(2005) Intonation and categories of meaning

(2005) Talking intonation

(2005) Teaching intonation

(2006) The pronunciation of grammar

(2009) Intonation, meaning and grammar



(2007) Phonemic-graphemic correspondence charts

(2007) Phonemic-graphemic correspondences in the mind

(2007) Phonemic-graphemic correspondence hypotheses

(2008) Spelling in the mind


Pronunciation dictionaries

(2001) English Pronunciation at the Turn of the Millennium (Longman Pronunciation dictionary)

(2003) English Pronunciation of the Unmarked Young - a review of Oxford Dictionary of Pronunciation for Current English)

(2004) EPD16. A review of the Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary


Systemic-functional grammar

(2002) Getting a sense of the experiential in grammar



(2009) Transcribing English Phrases

There are three audio files which accompany Transcribing English Phrases. They are available below in mp3 format:

Audio One [2.51 MB]

Audio Two [1.01 MB]

Audio Three [2.73 MB]

The above files are in mp3 format. If you experience difficulties playing them please install the free Winamp player.


Paul Tench's Notes on the Pronunciation of English

Allophonic Variation in English

Reading List

What people know about pronunciation


English Consonants

English Vowels

Allophonic Variation in English

Syllable Structure in English

Morphophonology in English

Simplifications in colloquial speech


Strong and Weak Forms

Contrasts in rhythm

Phonology in Poetry: bibliography

Rhythm and Rhyme in Traditional Poetry

Child phonology: bibliography



Senior Lecturer; former Head of the Applied English Language Studies section of the School (1992-4).

He was first appointed to the staff in 1967 in what was then the Department of English, UWIST, with teaching responsibilities in the theory and practice of language teaching, applied linguistics, phonology and practical phonetics. During the 1970s, he also taught English as a Second Language for University College Cardiff, phonetics and linguistics in the School of Speech Therapy at Llandaff Technical College (now part of UWIC), and phonetics at the Seminar fuer Sprachmethodik, the German branch of the Summer Institute of Linguistics (SIL).

In 1979, with a two-year leave of absence, he took up the post of Senior Lecturer in the Department of Modern European Languages at the University of Ilorin, Nigeria, with teaching responsibilities in English speech, applied linguistics, and the University-wide Use of English course delivered to all 1000 first year students. He also helped to design the University’s first MA programme in linguistics.

Upon his return to Cardiff in 1981, he took over the main responsibility for the teaching of phonetics at both Undergraduate and Postgraduate levels, but also maintained his involvement in language teaching and applied linguistics. This combination is reflected in his first major publication: Pronunciation Skills (Macmillan, 1981), but his research interests focused mainly on intonation. This led to the award of PhD in 1988; his thesis was published in 1990: The Roles of Intonation in English Discourse, and another book followed: The Intonation Systems of English (Cassell, 1996). In the meantime, two other publications appeared: Studies in Systemic Phonology (Pinter, 1992) and The Phonetic Transcription of Disordered Speech (with Martin Ball and Joan Rahilly, Singular Press, USA, 1996). A number of articles, book chapters, posters and reviews have appeared over the years; see the publications list. These reflect his main research interests: studies in intonation and pronunciation in general, phonological interlanguage, and applied linguistics. A recent new dimension in his research is the application of phonology to the creation of new orthographies for unwritten languages in Nigeria.

He is also an examiner for the International Phonetic Association.