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Bornean Elephant

  • Bornean Elephant (DGFC) © B GoossensThe Bornean elephant is one of the four recognized subspecies of Asian elephant.
  • Smaller than the other subspecies of Asian elephant, the males stand at a height of less than 2.5m.
  • Their diet consists of a variety of vegetation including grasses, twigs and branches, as well as cultivated crops (in particular bananas, paddy, sugar cane and palm).
  • They are gregarious, tending to travel in herds or family groups made up of mothers, daughters, sisters and immature males.
  • A female has a gestation period of 22 months with a birth of one calf every 3-4 years.  Their maximum age is around 60 years in the wild.
  • Adult males usually remain solitary and disperse over relatively small, widely overlapping home ranges (there is a great amount of toleration between males in the overlapping territories).
  • A study carried out through Danau Girang Field Centre by Nurzhafarina Othman (a Malaysian student) and Benoît Goossens, is currently underway to look at the social structure of the elephants in the Kinabatangan. Data collected will be used to assist the Sabah Wildlife Department in managing the elephants effectively.
  • On occasions these elephants can be seen passing through Danau Girang and given their inquisitive nature may choose to stay a while and investigate the buildings.
  • Precautions in the form of elephant fencing have now been taken to protect some of the important structures such as the water tower and store which have previously been broken into.