Cardiff University Events
| ||1880 - 1889 |
Cardiff University is founded as University College of South Wales and Monmouthshire on October 24, 1883, prompting a public holiday. Crowds from the city and nearby mining communities joined the Town and Gown procession through the city, and the church bells rang all day.
John Viriamu Jones is appointed as first Principal, leading a staff of 13 and 151 students.
|The volcano Krakatoa erupts in Indonesia, one of the largest and most powerful eruptions for centuries.|
| ||1884|| |
Lord Aberdare, the author of the report that gave Cardiff University life, is named the University's first President. Today, a statue marking his historic contribution to education in Cardiff stands in the city's Alexandra Gardens which look towards the University he helped to establish. Students Club is founded for all male registered students. Subscription is 2s.6d (12½ p) per session.
| ||1885|| |
| ||The first University hostel for women, Aberdare Hall is opened. It is the first in Wales and second only after University College London in Britain. It remains an all female hall to this day.|| |
| ||1890 - 1899 |
At the first meeting of the Court of the University, a leading South Wales physician moves a resolution that there should be a medical school in Cardiff. His initial donation of £1,000 eventually led to the opening of the Departments of Anatomy and Physiology.
Becomes a founding member of University of Wales.
|The first modern Olympics is held in Athens.|
School of Medicine is officially opened on the top floor of the College building, Newport Road, Cardiff by Sir Richard Quain, President of the General Medical Council (GMC).
|Guglielmo Marconi is awarded a patent for radio communication. The first radio transmission was from Flat Holm to Lavernock Point in South Wales.|
| ||1896|| |
The first degree is awarded by the University.
| ||1900 - 1909 |
Millicent McKenzie responsible for the training of female teachers becomes the first female in Wales, and possibly the first in Britain, to be addressed as Professor.
Queen Victoria dies after a 63 year long reign, she is succeeded by Edward VII
The Prince of Wales, later His Royal Highness, King George V lays the Foundation Stone for Main Building. In the ceremony, the architect, William Douglas Caroe, formally handed the trowel to Prince George, who then officially laid the Foundation Stone in his role as Chancellor. It is the first of many similar ceremonies carried out by successive princes of Wales.
|Cardiff is granted city status.|
| ||1909|| |
The Glamorgan Building is built, now home to the School of City and Regional Planning and the School of Social Sciences.
| ||1910 - 1919 |
| ||1911|| |
The Cardiff Royal Infirmary (CRI) opened in 1883, is renamed The King Edward VII Hospital for a short time (until 1923, when it reverts back to CRI). During this formative period, CRI becomes firmly established as a teaching hospital.
|King George V and Queen Mary visit the University.|
The cruise liner, Titanic, sinks with the loss of 1,503 lives
|1914 - 18||1914 - 18|
111 past and present students from University College die in active service during World War One.
|World War One|
| ||1915|| |
The Foundation stone is laid on the Physiology block on Newport Road, Cardiff, marking the first stage of the new Welsh National School of Medicine. Funding for the new building was made available with a donation of £100,000 by Sir William Thomas, College Vice-President.
| ||1916|| |
James William Tudor (later Sir Tudor) Thomas becomes the first person to receive the MB Bch Degree. He goes on to become a specialist in ophthalmic surgery, pioneering a surgery on the cornea which restores the sight of a patient who had been nearly blind for 27 years, attracting worldwide interest in 1934.
The Bute Building is completed, now home to the Welsh School of Architecture and the School of Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies.
| ||1920 - 1929 |
| ||1921|| |
The King Edward VII Hospital receives the new Medical School, to be known as the Welsh National School of Medicine (WNSM).
A sum of £14,000 is awarded by the Rockefeller Foundation, a foundation designed to "promote the well-being" of humanity by addressing the root causes of serious problems, to purchase Rockwood Hospital and grounds in Llandaff, Cardiff for Medical School use. The funds are used to build research laboratories for the Department of Medicine.
Cardiff Scientific Society established by technical staff in Zoology department; the Society continues to flourish today.
The general strike in the UK.
| ||The BBC is created, with a mission to inform, educate and entertain.|
| ||1930 - 1939 |
Students perform the College Yell to celebrate the 1930 visit of the Prince of Wales to open the new Chemistry and Physics laboratories in Main Building.
|The first football world cup competition is held in Uruguay|
Lord and Lady Bute, throw open their grounds at Cardiff Castle for a garden party to celebrate the University's Golden Jubilee. An Honorary Degree Ceremony follows before an audience of 2,500, and an evening reception.
George V dies and is succeeded by Edward VIII who abdicates and is succeeded by George VI.
|1939 - 45||1939 - 45|
During World War Two University College hosts 'refugee' staff and students from University of London and various Government departments. The University manages to stay open for the entire duration of the war except three days in 1941 when bombing is at its height.
|World War Two|
| ||1940 - 1949 |
150 Clinical students enrol with the Medical School, 26 enrol as pharmaceutical students and 25 students pursue postgraduate courses in public health and tuberculosis. In addition, nearly 100 students enrol on courses for health visitors, midwives and sanitary scientists.
|The National Health Service (NHS) is established.|
| ||1948|| |
Professor Jethro Gough takes up appointment of Chair of Pathology, Welsh National School of Medicine. He goes on to make important contributions to the understanding of lung disease and gain an international reputation in pulmonary pathology, particularly for his work on coal workers pneumoconiosis. Along with a senior member of the technical staff at WNSM's Institute of Pathology, he develops the Gough Wentworth large lung section technique which becomes used world-wide in the study of lungs and other organs.
| ||1950 - 1959 |
Agreement is reached to develop a 53-acre medical and dental teaching centre at Heath Park, Cardiff, one mile north of the University's Main Building. Today it is the largest University Hospital in the UK and is the teaching hospital of Cardiff University's school's of Medicine and Dentistry.
|Queen Elizabeth II succeeds her father to the throne.|
University Hall, Penylan, opens with 58 male student residences. Today the University Hall complex provides accommodation for 637 students.
|Cardiff becomes the capital of Wales|
| ||1959|| |
Publication of Professor William Mushin's 'Automatic ventilation of the lungs', which is widely accepted as a classic work on the subject.
| ||1960 - 1969 |
| ||1960|| |
His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh visits the School of Engineering and opens the Mining Building.
Completion of the Redwood Building, home to the Welsh School of Pharmacy
Foundations are laid and building starts at the Heath Park site for the University Hospital of Wales.
The Dental School and Hospital is officially opened by His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh.
Welsh College of Advanced Technology becomes University of Wales Institute of Science and Technology (UWIST) and is granted Royal Charter.
The first phase of the Tenovus Institute for Cancer Research is opened by Her Royal Highness Princess Margaret on the Heath Park site, Cardiff.
Britain's first colour television programme is broadcast on BBC 2.
Sir Aubrey Trotman-Dickenson is appointed Principal of UWIST, later becoming Principal of Cardiff University following the merger with UWIST.
Patrick David Mounsey is appointed Provost of Welsh National School of Medicine.
American astronaut Neil Armstrong becomes the first man to walk on the moon.
| ||1970 - 1979 |
Her Majesty The Queen formally opens the £20m Medical Teaching Centre incorporating the 800-bed University Hospital of Wales and the WNSM.
|Decimalisation is introduced|
School of Medicine's groundbreaking Professor Archie Cochrane, publishes "Effectiveness and Efficiency: Random Reflections on the Health Service" — the concept of evidence-based medicine is born. Considered a seminal text, it continues to have a profound influence on health services research and practice worldwide.
Students' Union building opens.
| ||1979|| |
Sir Herbert Duthie is appointed Provost of Welsh National School of Medicine.
| ||1980 - 1989 |
Professor Patrick Forrest chairs a Working Group to investigate the feasibility of breast cancer screening. The Group proposes screening, using mammography, should be offered to all women between 50 and 64 every 3 years as part of the NHS. The screening programme manifests itself today as Breast Test Wales.
|The Falklands conflict between Britain and Argentina.|
His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales formally opens Cardiff Business School in the Aberconway Building.
|The fall of the Berlin wall|
Royal Charter is granted to the University of Wales Institute of Science and Technology (UWIST) and University College Cardiff (UCC) to merge. The institutions become 'University of Wales College of Cardiff'.
The Common Cold Centre, School of Biosciences is established. It is the only one of its kind in the world dedicated to research and clinical trials on the symptomatic relief of the common cold, influenza and hay fever.
| ||1990 - 1999 |
| ||1990|| |
The student newspaper, gair rhydd is Newspaper of the Year in the Guardian student newspaper awards. It is the first unanimous decision in the 12-year history of the award.
The School of Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering wins a gold medal at the First International Robotics Olympics for the design and build of the world's fastest two-legged robot.
The Machine that Changed the World is published by Professor Daniel Jones of Cardiff Business School. It is declared Business Book of the Year by the Financial Times and is the most comprehensive survey of the motor industry ever undertaken.
With support from Department of Health, a team from the Department of Optometry develop tests for measuring vision in children with visual and other handicaps. Many years later it is to become a specialist unit within the School of Optometry and Vision Sciences.
The Legal Practice course for intending solicitors is introduced, placing Cardiff Law School at the forefront of legal education. In the same year, the School establishes a new Centre for Professional Legal Studies.
A major breakthrough is made with the isolation and characterisation of the myotonic dystrophy gene by researchers at the Institute of Medical Genetics.
The Channel Tunnel is built linking London and Paris by rail.
| ||1993|| |
Sir Brian Smith is appointed Vice-Chancellor.
Her Majesty The Queen officially opens the engineering complex and consents to it being named the Queen's Buildings.
Professor Ian Cameron is appointed Vice-Chancellor of University of Wales College of Medicine.
|Apartheid ends in South Africa.|
| ||1995|| |
His Royal Highness, The Prince of Wales receives a rapturous welcome from students as he officially opens the £17M Talybont residences complex, accommodating 1250 students.
| ||1996|| |
The high quality of Cardiff's research sees strong outcomes in the Research Assessment Exercise.
The Manufacturing Engineering Centre (MEC) is founded, under the directorship of Professor Duc Pham OBE to conduct world-leading research and development in all major areas of Advanced Manufacturing and uses the output to promote the introduction of new manufacturing technology and practice to industry. The Centre goes on to win numerous awards including the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry's First Prize for success in building lasting research partnerships with industry and the Queen's Anniversary Prize for creating an exceptional programme of support for firms using our research expertise and state-of-the-art facilities.
His Royal Highness, The Prince of Wales returns to tour the recently acquired Glamorgan Building, formerly Mid Glamorgan County Hall. He learns how it will provide first class premises for teaching and research. The building is now home to the School of Social Sciences.
|Scotland and Wales vote in favour of devolution.|
| ||1998|| |
The College of Medicine is awarded Queen's Anniversary Prize for the chemiluminescent labelling technology which is now in use in laboratories all around the world.
| ||1999|| |
Cardiff is the only university in Wales to become a member of the Russell Group of research-intensive universities working with other leading universities across the UK to help develop the higher education sector.
The new 'super-school' of Biosciences is opened by His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales.
| ||2000 - 2010 |
| ||2000|| |
Her Majesty The Queen and His Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh have a 'splendid and memorable' day-long visit to the University.
Dr David Grant is appointed Vice-Chancellor of Cardiff University.
Professor Stephen Tomlinson is appointed Vice-Chancellor, University of Wales College of Medicine.
Cardiff University is recognised as one of Britain's leading research universities in the Research Assessment Exercise in which the majority of research areas further strengthen their gradings.
The Centre for Business Relationships, Accountability, Sustainability and Society (BRASS) is established by the Economic and Social Research Council and is opened by His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales the following year.
11th September terrorist attacks on America rock the world.
Labour wins the general election, with Tony Blair returned as prime minister.
The Wales Gene Park is established to support genetics researchers in Wales and elsewhere.
|Queen Elizabeth II celebrates her Golden Jubilee.|
First Minister, Rhodri Morgan opens the Wellcome Building for Biomedical Research in Wales at the University Hospital Site.
The University is the venue for the Investiture ceremony for the Queen's New Year's honours, presided over by His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales.
University of Wales College of Medicine and Cardiff University merge thus re-establishing the Medical School within its parent body after 70 years.
Dr David Grant is appointed Vice-Chancellor of the newly merged Cardiff University.
|The tsunami in the Indian Ocean. |
The title 'Cardiff University' and a new Supplemental Charter is formally granted to the University by the Privy Council on behalf of Her Majesty the Queen, meaning that Cardiff officially becomes a university in its own right and, as a consequence, becomes independent of the University of Wales.
Cardiff University admits the first students to courses leading to Cardiff University degrees. It confirms the position regarding eligibility for Cardiff University awards.
Opening of the University's Centre for the Study of Islam in the UK, the first in the UK to focus on Islam and Muslims in Britain. It is opened by Yusuf Islam (formerly the musician, Cat Stevens). The Centre receives the Sankore University award for Excellence in Education at the Muslim News Awards.
A new partnership between scientists at Cardiff University's School of Optometry and Vision Sciences and the Department of Opthalmology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Japan advances the global fight against eye disease. The partnership offers a better understanding of the genetics controlling endemic eye diseases.
The University enhances the role of North Wales in training student doctors by launching the North Wales Clinical School - a £12.5 million Welsh Assembly Government-backed initiative. The North Wales Clinical School becomes a major component of the University's School of Medicine and is a collaboration between three North Wales NHS trusts, University of Wales, Bangor, North East Wales Institute and primary care delivery in North Wales.
|Kyoto Protocol on measure to control climate change comes into force.|
Nobel Laureate Professor Dr Robert Huber joins the University on a part time basis to spearhead the development of Structural Biology, part of a University-wide initiative in Chemical Biology.
Actor, comedian and writer Stephen Fry turns to School of Medicine to understand years of torment with bipolar disorder. His BBC Documentary - The Secret Life of the Manic Depressive wins a BAFTA award.
Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre opens enabling new insights into the workings of the human brain. One of the first facilities in the UK to combine Structural and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI/fMRI) and Magnetoencephalography (MEG), it is devoted solely to research.
Cardiff breaks into the ranks of the world's top 100 universities for the first time in the Times Higher Educational World University Rankings.
Professor Sir Martin Evans FRS wins the Nobel Prize for Medicine for his series of groundbreaking discoveries concerning embryonic stem cells and DNA recombination in mammals. Sir Martin Evans was the first scientist to isolate embryonic stem cells and becomes the second Nobel Laureate at Cardiff University. Prime Minister, Gordon Brown, leads the congratulations.
The University's Institute of Medical Genetics wins the Queen's Anniversary Prize for excellence in higher education.
Breast surgeon Professor Robert Mansel, School of Medicine pioneers a new surgical technique in breast cancer which is named National Health Service Innovation of the Year.
The United Nations frontline agency in the fight against global hunger commissions a team from Cardiff School of City and Regional Planning to lead a new home-grown school feeding programme for the World Food Programme.
A new £21M building for the School of Optometry and Vision Sciences is completed. It represents the single largest investment in eye care anywhere in the UK and provides one of the most advanced University centres for optometry and vision science.
His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales officially launches the University's Police Science Institute, a unique collaboration between South Wales Police, Cardiff University and the University of Glamorgan.
Wales' First Minister, Rhodri Morgan opens the School of Engineering's new Gas Turbine Research Centre which tests for cleaner and more efficient ways of generating power.
Professor Jonathan Shepherd from the Dental School receives the Stockholm Prize in Criminology for his pioneering research into late-night city violence.
The University becomes a fair-trade institution.
The Doomsday Clock is set to five minutes to midnight.
Facebook phenomenon takes hold.
|125th Anniversary of Cardiff University. |
Special events to celebrate the University's 125th anniversary are held throughout 2008, including a gala concert at the Wales Millennium Centre.
The University embarks on Campus Horizons, its ambitious multi-millon pound scheme to transform the campus over the next decade.
Mary Robinson, former President of Ireland, delivers the first Hadyn Ellis Distinguished Lecture at the University.
Advanced Research Computing @ Cardiff launches its High Performance Computer – one of the largest supercomputer clusters in the UK dedicated to research.
Professor Andy Sewell's team at the School of Medicine generate engineered killer T-cells that can recognise and destroy all known forms of the HIV virus.
The Research Assessment Exercise (2008) shows that world-leading research is being undertaken throughout Cardiff University.
The U.S. subprime mortgage financial crisis begins to have economic repercussions around the world.
Barack Obama is elected the 44th President of the United States.
The 2008 Olympics take place in Beijing and Japan hosts the 34th G8 Summit.
Professor Sir Martin Evans, 2007 Nobel Prize winner for Medicine, succeeds Lord Kinnock as University President.
The University’s Main Building celebrates the centenary of its formal opening by the Earl of Plymouth in 1909.
Launch of the Herschel Space Observatory and Planck Surveyor, both carrying instruments worked on by the School of Physics and Astronomy.
The Medical Research Council (MRC) awards the University £2M to create the Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics. The Centre is backed by further investment from the Welsh Assembly Government and the University and will build on Cardiff’s existing strength in the genetics of brain disease.
The Violence & Society Research Group receives the Queen’s Anniversary Prize, one of the highest accolades in higher education, for its work researching and tackling late night disorder.
A key University study which helped uncover two new genes associated with Alzheimer's disease is recognised as one of the top 10 medical breakthroughs of 2009 by TIME Magazine.
The outbreak of the H1N1 influenza strain, commonly referred to as “swine flu”, is deemed a global pandemic.
Australia suffers the deadliest bushfires in its history.
The Lisbon Treaty comes into force.
Three major new Research Institutes, offering new approaches to issues of worldwide concern, are created. The Institutes – the European Cancer Stem Cell Research Institute, the Neuroscience & Mental Health Research Institute, and the Sustainable Places Research Institute – aim to combine academic talents from a range of disciplines.
A major financial investment involving the University secures the future for Wales of a unique collection of rare books from the 15th to the 20th centuries.
Cardiff archaeologists discover a complex of monumental buildings outside the Roman fortress in Caerleon. The find looks set to change the way we think about how Britain was conquered and occupied by the Roman army.
University scientists reveal the first direct genetic link to Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
The multi-million pound new Maindy Park campus development is granted planning permission by Cardiff Council.
The Cancer Genetics Building opens at the Heath Park campus, providing a new, dedicated research facility to some of Wales’ leading experts.
Volcanic ash from Icelandic eruptions brings air traffic to a standstill.
Thirty-three Chilean miners survive a record 69 days trapped underground before being brought back to the surface.
Rhodri Morgan steps down as Wales’ First Minister.
| ||2011 - 2020 |
The University becomes one of the largest organisations in Wales to be awarded Investors in People accreditation. It is also the first of the 20 Russell Group research-intensive universities to gain the standard across the whole institution.
High-profile patrons are announced for each of the University's new Research Institutes. They are Sir Terry Matthews, Stephen Fry and Griff Rhys Jones.
The first turf is cut on the site of the University's flagship new research building at Maindy Park, named in honour of the late Deputy Vice-Chancellor, Professor Hadyn Ellis.
Professor Colin Riordan is announced as the next Vice-Chancellor of Cardiff University. He will take up the post from September 2012.
Japan is hit by a 9.1 earthquake and subsequent tsunami. Emergencies are declared at four nuclear power plants affected by the quake.
An estimated two billion people watch the wedding of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Catherine Middleton at Westminster Abbey.